Free Dynamic Mathematics Resources
 12. Don Steward Puzzles
 Welcome Welcome to the twelfth Autograph Newsletter! Each jam-packed edition looks at a specific topic in mathematics and how Autograph can help engage students and enable them to understand the key concepts better.
 Contents Introduction Diagnostic Question Free Online Autograph Activity Further Puzzles Video Tutorials Handy Autograph Tip
 Introduction One of my all-time favourite mathematics blogs is Median, created by Don Steward (donsteward.blogspot.co.uk). The range of activities and the levels of depth, challenge and imagination are simply outstanding. The vast majority of my ideas for lessons and activities these days come from this blog and the equally outstanding NRICH. Many of the rich, intriguing activities that Don creates lend themselves very well to being analysed on Autograph. I am always keen to ensure that students first tackle the problems on pen and paper, and then Autograph is used to test theories, answer questions, and embark on wonderful extensions. Below you will find a selection of my favourite puzzles from Don's website, with accompanying Autograph files. I hope you and your students enjoy them, and thank you to Don for creating such a wonderful resource.
 Diagnostic Question Usually we have a Diagnostic Question in this spot, but for this special edition of the newsletter we are instead going to have… a puzzle! Project this on the board, encourage your students to develop a systematic way of solving it, and challenge them to explain their method to their peers. Encourage them to compare each other's answers and methods, and describe the merits and flaws with the different techniques. For a full discussion of the problem, grids to print and the solution, click here.
 Free Online Autograph Activity Leap Frog Leap over the three points on paper first. Once you have noticed something, try to explain it. Then turn to Autograph to look at the puzzle in more depth. These Autograph activities do not require the full version of Autograph to run them. You just need to install the free Autograph Player (you will be guided through how to do this), which means you can use these activities in the classroom or set them for your students to do at home.
Further Puzzles
The following ideas for puzzles are also taken from Don Steward's website. Try them on paper first and then turn to Autograph to look at them in more depth. Click on the image to download the individual Autograph files.
Idea 1 – Extending Leap Frog
One way of extending the Leap Frog puzzle above is to think about what happens if you leap half way towards each point instead of twice as far.
 • What do you think will happen? • Try this out on paper first, with each member of the classes starting with their points in different positions • What seems to be happening? • Which students have similar outcomes? Which have different? • Get your students to keep the three points in the same position but try another starting point • When you have some predictions, use the Autograph file • Drag the three points and the starting point around and observe the effect on the path and position of the leaps • What is happening here? Why? • You can add more leaps if you like by creating vectors (see the Handy Tip at the end of this newsletter) • What will happen if you leap ¾ of the distance? • How about 1.5 times the distance?
Idea 2 – Four Lines
This classic geometry puzzle works particularly well on Autograph, and Don has added a second pattern that I had never seen before!
 • Can you use four connected straight lines to go through each of the 9 dots in the first pattern? • Drag the points on the green dashed line around to experiment • When you have cracked this, try the same for the heptagonal pattern… and when you figure out how to join these up with four connected lines, please let me know how! :-) • Finally, can your students create a similar challenge? • Can you make these constructions from scratch on Autograph?
Don Steward produces another lovely little problem
 • On squared paper, get everyone in the class to draw any four points that form a quadrialteral • Find the mid-points of the sides of this quadrialteral • Join up the mid-points to form a new quadrilateral • Compare the new quadrilaterals that the class have formed • What have they got in common? • Can you explain this? • Look at the Autograph file • Drag the corners of the quadrilateral around the experiment • When is the new quadrilateral a rectangle? • When it is a square? • Can you explain this? • How about experimenting with triangles and their midpoints?
Idea 4 – Pizza Cutting
Another classic problem that is easier to analyse on Autograph
 • Print your students out a set of circles to represent pizzas • Challenge them to create the most number of slices pizza with 1 straight cut • How about 2 straight cuts? • Things get a bit trickier when you try 3, 4, 5 and 6 cuts • Use the Autograph file to help analyse this further • Drag down the page to see more pizzas • Drag the corners of the quadrilateral around the experiment • Look at the maximum number of slices for each circle • Can your students spot a pattern? • Can they explain the pattern? • Can they use it to predict how many slices you could divide a pizza up into using 7 cuts? • How about 100 cuts? • Would it make a difference if the pizzas were a different shape? Square? Triangular?
 Video Tutorials The following video takes you on a short trip around Don Steward's wonderful blog.
Handy Autograph Tip
In order to create the Leap Frog activity, I had to create vectors between two points, and then create multiples of these vectors. Here is how I did it:
 Open Autograph in Standard Mode Make sure you are in Whiteboard Mode Place two points anywhere on the page fairly close together Click on an unoccupied part of the graph area to deselect everything Select the two points in turn, with the one you want to be at the foot of the vector selected first Right-click and choose Create Vector from the menu. Click on an unoccupied part of the graph area to deselect everything Select the point at the foot of the vector at the vector itselfRight-click and choose Multiply Vector from the menu Choose a Multiply Factor (e.g. 0.5) It may now be useful to hide the original vector Ensure that only the vector itself is selected, right-click and choose Hide Object from the menu Dragging the points around to confirm that the vector has been created successfullyChallenge: Can you use this tip to construct the Leap Frog activity?
 Curriculum Coverage Autograph covers probability, graphing, vectors, coordinate geometry, shapes and transformations, numerical methods, cartesian equations, parametric equations, polar equations, differential equations, calculus, trigonometry and all in two- and three-dimensions. Douglas Butler's series of 7 Autograph Tutorial Videos provide a perfect overview of curriculum coverage.
 Free Autograph Activities If you need free Autograph Activities that can be used without Autograph installed try Mr Barton's Autograph Activities.
 Getting Started If you are just getting started with Autograph try the Video Training Series and the Training Manual with step-by-step instructions.
 Worksheets Autograph trainer Alan Catley has created an impressive collection of student worksheets which can all be downloaded and used for no charge.
 Video Tutorials Watch videos by Craig Barton, Douglas Butler, Hassan Lakiss and Janet Smith.